In Vedic astrology Mars is know as MANGAL, ANGARAKA and KUJA. These names in Sanskrit mean, “auspicious, burning coal, and the fair one”. Mars is a malefic. He rules over the two sidereal signs of Aries and Scorpio. He is exalted in Capricorn and fallen in the opposite sign of Cancer. Mars is often depicted as a god with a red body exemplifying the natural color of the astronomical body in the sky.
Kuja is a karaka, or indicator, of brother and siblings, assertion, aggressiveness, soldiers and military endeavors, mechanical ability, engineers and surgeons, commanders and rulers, accidents, violence and war, ambition, strength, arguments and conflict, passion and desire. (Image courtesy: Wikipedia)
Like Surya, the Sun, Mars most powerful position is in the 10th House. He is a particularly beneficial planet for Cancer or Leo Ascendants. His nature is PITTA, or fiery. His gem is red coral and his direction is south. Mars’ day is Tuesday and he reaches full maturity at age 28.
In Vedic mythology Mars appears to have been born of the Earth. SARVA, the archer, represents the element of Earth as the supporter of life. Sarva’s wife VIKESI, the disheveled, is the Earth goddess. The Puranic literature of ancient India declares that Angaraka, Mars is their son born of the Earth. Mars is further identified with the Kartikeya, the god of war. He is the son of the god Shiva, who was born without Shiva’s union with a woman. Kartikeya was born with six heads as the six goddesses of the lunar constellation, Kritika, or the Pleiades nurtured him. Kartikeya kills the seemingly invincible demon Taraka, and releases the Devas from Taraka’s oppression. These myths depict valor, strength and courage, and most fittingly, the protective quality of Mars. Thus, Mars is known as the protector of dharma, the sacred path and purpose in life that each of us follows.
In the Zodiac, ANGARAKA or MARS is regarded as a God of martial character, red in every aspect. Even the Romans held him as their Guru. In the Zodiac, He is the Lord of “Mesha” and “Vrischika”. He stays about 1 1/2 months in each Rasi taking 18 months to complete the cycle.
A prayer to this planet frees one from debts, poverty and illness afflicting the skin. This graha bestows property and conveyance (Locomotion). A prayer to Angaraka can restore loss of eyesight. Tuesdays are intended for the worship of Angaraka who loves the chanting of Sama Veda. If one observes the fast on Tuesday for 21 times, the unlucky influence of Tuesday (Mangal) can be got rid off.
Vedic Mantra for propitiating Kuja (Mars):
“Dharanee gharba sambootham, vidhyaat kaanti samaprabham, Kumaram shakthi hastham cha, mangalam pranamamyaham.”
Meaning: “I offer my obeisances to Shree Mangala, the God of the planet Mars, who was born from the womb of the earth goddess. His brilliant effulgence is like that of lightning, and he appears as a youth carrying a spear in his hand.”
Temple for Angaraka (Kuja/Mars): Sri Vaideeswaran Koil, near Mayavaram.
Deity for Mars : Lord Muruga or Karthik.
Dhanyam or Grain for Mars: Toor Dal
Friendly planets of Mars: Sun, Moon and Jupiter
Mars’s enemy planet: Mercury
Neutral planets of Mars: Venus and Saturn
Dasha period of Mars: 7 years
Stars (constellations) of Mars: Mrigashirsha, Chitra and Dhanishta
Body part ruled by Mars : The Chest.
Day of the week governed by Mars: Tuesday.
Direction ruled by Mars: South.
Season governed by Mars: Summer season.
Metals governed by Mars: Copper.
Gemstone governed by Mars: Red Coral.
Semi precious gemstone governed by Mars: Bloodstone.
Color ruled by Mars: Blood Red.
Food and flavors governed by Mars: All food of bitter taste.
Geometrical shape governed by Mars: Hourglass.
Numbers as per Numerology governed by Mars: 9, 18, 27, 36 and all those that adds up to nine, are governed by it.
Listen to Navagraha Stotra: